Occupational Clusters in Science, Technology, Engineering & Math

Occupational clusters refers to groupings of careers that are similar based on required skills, knowledge, duties, education and working environments. Career exploration is often facilitated by identifying occupational clusters of interest. Career Cruising (login information can be found on the home page of the Career Centre's online system), an online career exploration tool, provides information on careers including: job descriptions, working conditions, education, career paths, related jobs, and interviews with professionals in the field.

Astronomy

Astronomy related occupations include Astronomers, Technical Assistants, Engineers, Computer Scientists, Professors and Astronauts. Many of these jobs can be found in government laboratories, observatories, museums, science centres, computing and educational settings. These professionals may also find work in other industries which require their scientific and mathematical education and skills, such as medical imaging, remote sensing and financial analysis.

Biochemistry

Biochemistry related occupations include Biochemists, Food Scientists, Chemical Engineers, Molecular Biologists, Clinical Biochemists, Professors and Clinical Researchers. These professionals may find work in fields such as health and medicine, food science, pharmacology, forensics and toxicology. Professionals in the field may also find work in other industries like food and beverage, agriculture and veterinary medicine. Biochemistry jobs are performed in both private and public sectors.

Biotechnology

Biotechnology related occupations include Quality Control Analysts, Research Assistants or Associates, Biostatisticians, Clinical Coordinators, Manufacturing Technicians or Engineers and Market Research Analysts. These professionals use a variety of skills including computer skills, communication skills, organizational skills and analytical skills. These skills help to find work in a number of environments such as colleges and universities in research and development, hospitals, health clinics, veterinary clinics, sales and marketing or human resources.

Biology

Biology related occupations include Biologists, Biological Technicians, Botanists, Food Scientists, Microbiologists, Neurologists, Professors, Teachers and Zoologists. The field of biology often overlaps with other fields such as chemistry, environmental studies, technology and animal studies, allowing for a wide range of career opportunities. These professionals may work in environments like research, health care, all levels of education, science museums, laboratories, zoos and nature centres.

Chemistry

Chemistry related occupations include Chemists, Chemical and Drug Sales Representatives, Medical Laboratory Technicians, Information Analysts, Clinical Technicians and Product Testers. These professionals use a variety of skills including the ability to operate scientific equipment, organization, critical observation and concreteness, and work in diverse settings such as education, research, public health, waste management, forensic investigation and government.

Computer Science

Computer Science related occupations include Software Engineers, Computer Scientists, System Design Engineers, Technical Writers, Computer Programmers, Aerospace Engineers and Business Systems Analysts.

Engineering

Engineering related occupations include Computer Engineers, Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Geological Engineers, Mining Engineers, Land Surveyors and Air Traffic Controllers. Professionals in engineering are involved with finding solutions to problems and changing the world in which we live. Engineering has a wide range of careers which fall under it and each branch of the sector requires a different set of qualifications, skills and interests. These individuals may work in education, academic research, the government, aerospace and mining industries.

Epidemiology

Epidemiology related occupations include Clinical, Research or Environmental Epidemiologists, Doctors, Bioinformatics Specialists, Health Care Administrators, Oncologists, Surgeons, Research Analysts and Allergists. Professionals in the field may find work in a variety of environments because the field looks at many different disciplines. These fields may include government, private and public health care systems, hospitals, colleges or universities, and research and development services.

Food Science

Food Science related occupations include Food Microbiologists, Quality Control Supervisors, Food Chemists, Health and Nutrition Specialists, Plant and Production Managers, Clinical Dietitians and Consumer Product Officers. These professionals can find employment in consulting firms, post-secondary institutions, business and marketing industries, health care, quality control, food processing plants, agriculture, the government and both private and public sectors.

Geographic Information Systems

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) related occupations include Business Systems Analysts, Cartographers, Foresters, Geologists, Land Surveyors, Market Research Analysts, Forestry Technicians and Hydrogeologists. GIS technology can be used in many different industries such as criminology, archaeology, tourism, marketing, engineering and health care, so professionals may find employment in all levels of government, natural resource firms, health care facilities and post-secondary education settings.

Mathematics

Mathematics related occupations include Teachers, Account Managers, Architects, Accountants, Statisticians, Auditors, Mechanical Engineers and Financial Planners. These professionals use a variety of skills including analytical and critical thinking, which are advantageous in industries like accounting firms, the banking industry, academic settings and construction settings.

Neurobiology

Neurobiology related occupations include Neurobiologists, Professors, Pharmacists, Pathologists, MRI Technicians, Consultants, Researchers, Nutritionists, Clinical Psychologists and Lawyers. The field of neurobiology often overlaps with other fields such as biology, chemistry, environmental studies, technology and animal studies, allowing for a wide range of career opportunities. These professionals may work in environments like government and policy, health care, academics, clinics and laboratories.

Nuclear Physics

Nuclear Physics related occupations include Nuclear Physicists, Nuclear Engineers, Aerospace Engineers, Professors, Researchers, Astronomers and Nuclear Medicine Technologists. Professionals in this field often use their strong analytical, critical and observational skills, and may find work in academic settings, laboratories, research environments, health care and different levels of government.

Pharmaceuticals

Pharmaceutical related occupations include Medical Lab Technicians, Project Leaders and Managers, Sales Representatives, Oncologists, Pharmacologists, Pharmacists, Researchers and Toxicologists. Professionals may find work in drug and chemical companies, business sales, hospitals, pharmacies, post-secondary institutions and government offices.

Physics

Physics related occupations include Chemical Physicists, Atomic Physicists, Nuclear Engineers, Seismologists, Science Journalists and Professors. The field of physics often overlaps with other fields such as chemistry, mathematics and engineering, allowing for a wide range of career opportunities. These professionals may work in environments like research, health care, all levels of education, aerospace, the government and laboratories.

Statistics

Statistics related occupations include Account Managers, Bookkeepers, Chartered Accountants, Market Research Analysts, Bioinformatics Specialists, Economists, Epidemiologists, Professors, Teachers and Researchers. Statistics has a wide range of careers which fall under it and each branch of the sector requires a different set of skills and qualifications. These individuals may work in all levels of education, academic research, the government, market research, animal health, medical research, finance, accounting and engineering.

Zoology

Zoology related occupations include Zoologists, Wildlife Rehabilitators, Wildlife Educators, Lab Technicians, Veterinarians and Animal Trainers. These professionals often spend part of their time working in a laboratory where their analytical and detailed-oriented skills as well as their ability to work both independently and as part of a team are highly regarded. They may also find work in settings such as zoos, museums, educational settings, animal clinics and wildlife centres.