Occupational Clusters in Medicine & Health

Occupational clusters refers to groupings of careers that are similar based on required skills, knowledge, duties, education and working environments. Career exploration is often facilitated by identifying occupational clusters of interest. Career Cruising (login information can be found on the home page of the Career Centre's online system), an online career exploration tool, provides information on careers including: job descriptions, working conditions, education, career paths, related jobs, and interviews with professionals in the field.

Counselling and Mental Health

Counselling and mental health related occupations include Psychologists, Counsellors, Therapists, Social Workers, Psychiatrists and Nurse Practitioners. These professionals work with individuals, couples, or groups to alleviate symptoms of mental disorders, intervene in times of crisis, increase functioning and life management skills, and enhance and promote mental health. Professionals in this cluster often have an educational background in psychology and/or counselling, social work, and medical sciences and/or nursing. These individuals work in a variety of environments including, hospitals, educational settings, community health agencies, the government or private sector.

Health Management and Health Administration

Health management and health administration related occupations focus on leadership, management and administration of hospitals, hospital networks and public health care systems. These professionals may be found within a variety of community based and institutional settings. They are responsible for ensuring that preventative, diagnostic and treatment health services are made available to the general public by managing, allocating resources and completing related evaluations. Individuals in this cluster may have a variety of educational backgrounds including human resources, public administration, health informatics, health management; as well as a degree in the health sciences.

Medical and Health Related Research

Medical and health research may be conducted by a variety of medical and health professionals. These professionals may choose to dedicate a part, or their entire career to understanding the body, the most effective treatment of illnesses, and the maintenance of healthy living. Individuals who conduct medical and health research may have a variety of educational backgrounds, such as a PhD in a health related area, an MD, or a degree in a field such as biomedical engineering or biomedical science. These professionals may conduct research in university settings, hospitals, or scientific labs.


Medicine includes occupations such as Doctors, Nurses, Specialty Physicians (e.g. cardiologist, dermatologists), Pharmacists, Dieticians, and Medical Technology Professionals (e.g. MRI technicians, radiation therapists). These individuals dedicate their career to assisting individuals who are ill or injured; and also work to help their patients stay healthy longer. Individuals in these occupations may have an educational background in applied health sciences, medicine/biomedical science, pharmacy, nutrition, or nursing. In addition, many of these professions require the completion of a professional internship and/or residency where practical application of theoretical knowledge is enhanced with supervision. These individuals are usually employed by hospitals and health clinics, but may also work in pharmacies, schools, and community agencies.


Rehabilitation related occupations include Rehabilitation Counsellors, Occupational Therapists, Physiotherapists, Kinesiologists, Athletic Therapists, Recreation Therapists and Chiropractors. These professionals may work with individuals who have been injured and have lost significant functioning and/or are experiencing pain. They may also work with individuals who have developmental difficulties in order to assist them in increasing their functioning at work, at school and at home. Professionals in this area may have a variety of educational backgrounds including kinesiology, vocational counselling, psychology, medical science, physiology and sports and recreation therapies.