Occupational Clusters in Government

Occupational clusters refers to groupings of careers that are similar based on required skills, knowledge, duties, education and working environments. Career exploration is often facilitated by identifying occupational clusters of interest. Career Cruising (login information can be found on the home page of the Career Centre's online system), an online career exploration tool, provides information on careers including: job descriptions, working conditions, education, career paths, related jobs, and interviews with professionals in the field.

Business and Financial Planning

Occupations in this sector within all levels of the government ensure that public funds are managed in a responsible and accountable manner to make the best use of tax payers' dollars. Various functions could include providing financial advice and expertise to clients and stakeholders, forecasting and monitoring business expenditures, and performing expenditure management and analysis. Sample occupations include Financial Analyst/Officer, Program Analyst/Consultant, Economist and Financial Project Lead.

For more detailed descriptions of the functions and skills involved please visit the Ontario Internship Program website.

Communications

Communications specialists in all levels of government develop messages and strategies to publicize key government initiatives. This may involve identifying strategies to get the public's and media's attention; planning and coordinating events; identifying and managing issues; writing and editing communications like news releases, speeches, briefing notes, fact sheets and newsletters; and managing websites (including new media) and graphic design. Sample occupations include Event Planner, Media Relations Specialist, Communications Consultant, Writer/Editor and Web Editor.

For more detailed descriptions of the functions and skills involved please visit the Ontario Internship Program website.

Human Resources

HR professionals provide key strategic and operational support to clients in planning for and delivering on business priorities, and in developing and executing human resource strategies, policies, programs and services. Some specific areas of involvement could include: recruitment; employee health, safety and wellness; compensation; training and development; and policy planning. Sample occupations include Human Resources Advisor, Employee Mobility Coordinator, Recruitment Consultant, Job Evaluation Consultant, Organizational Capacity Consultant, Workforce Planning Analyst and Workforce Health and Wellness Advisor.

For more detailed descriptions of the functions and skills involved please visit the Ontario Internship Program website.

Information and Information Technology

All levels of government have seen huge strides in improving accessibility to government services through technology. I & IT services make this happen and are also central to how government works on the inside. Some specific functional areas include application services, business technology solutions, information management, enterprise architecture, information security, infrastructure management, network services and system management. Sample occupations include Application Developer, Website Designer, Security Architect, Information Analyst, Information Management Specialist, Privacy Advisor, Technical Writer, Technical Standards Analyst, Database Administrator, Programmer, I & IT Policy Analyst and Project Management Analyst.

For more detailed descriptions of the functions and skills involved please visit the Ontario Internship Program website.

Labour Relations

The majority of government employees are unionized. Accordingly, effective labour relations are critical to all levels of government. Labour relations professionals represent the employer in ongoing interactions with employees and union representatives. Some specific functions include managing conflicts and issues, mediating and negotiating, consulting and advising clients and training and development. Sample occupations include Employee Relations Advisor, Corporate Staff Relations Officer, Mediator/Arbitrator and Operations Manager.

For more detailed descriptions of the functions and skills involved please visit the Ontario Internship Program website.

Policy Development

Government policy provides the foundation for legislation which affects the programs and services provided to citizens and the way they are delivered. Policy development in the government involves supporting the implementation of programs/policy decisions by researching, analyzing and evaluating issues/situations, developing tools, preparing options papers/reports, and presentations that will communicate recommendations to government decision-makers. Sample occupations include Policy/Program/Project Advisor, Policy/Program/Project Analyst and Policy/Program/Project Consultant.

For more detailed descriptions of the functions and skills involved please visit the Ontario Internship Program website.

Program Services and Delivery

Program and service delivery at any level of government could involve reviewing programs, researching service delivery models, analyzing current service delivery processes and recommending improvements, assisting in consulting program stakeholders on program improvements and supporting plans to ensure quality services and satisfied customers.

For more detailed descriptions of the functions and skills involved please visit the Ontario Internship Program website.

Project Management

Project managers within the government work in project teams and with stakeholders to lead projects across government and/or inter-jurisdictional partners on priority government initiatives. Projects must be clearly defined in terms of scope, time, cost, and quality goals. Key responsibilities may include identifying requirements, establishing clear and achievable objectives, supporting implementation, monitoring progress and evaluating deliverables, managing any risks, and/or sharing best practices. A project manager may be involved in initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling and closing a project. Sample occupations include Project Analyst, Project Control Analyst, Business Analyst, Project Schedule Analyst, Project Officer and Project Coordinator.