Are you fascinated by how environmental, social, political and cultural processes shape how our world functions and evolves? Geography is concerned with the spatial variations of human and physical phenomena, the processes that produce these variations and the interrelationships between people and their environments. It is a unique discipline that rests on all three pillars of intellectual life: physical sciences, social sciences and humanities. By pursuing a degree in Geography, you will be exposed to various dimensions of social problems, and gain understanding of the interaction of people, places and environments.

Career Options in Geography

This list is not exhaustive but provides an idea of the options graduates have and what they have gone on to do. Some options are more directly associated with a Geography degree than others.

  • Activist
  • Author
  • Cartographer
  • Charity Director
  • Community Worker
  • Conservationist
  • Consumer Advocate
  • Documentary Filmmaker
  • Event Coordinator
  • Foreign Correspondent
  • Foreign Services Officer
  • Foundation Director
  • Government Administrator
  • Health Policy Planner
  • Historical Researcher
  • Institutional Researcher
  • Journalist
  • Labour Relations Specialist
  • Lawyer
  • Legislative Aid
  • Lobbyist
  • Market Research Analyst
  • Media Correspondent
  • Mediator
  • Non-Profit Administrator
  • Paralegal
  • Policy Advisor
  • Policy Researcher
  • Politician
  • Population Studies Analyst
  • Professor
  • Public Policy Analyst
  • Public Relations Specialist
  • Teacher
  • Urban Planner
  • Writer

Some of these career choices may require additional education or preparation in the form of graduate studies, experiential education or professional formative courses and exams. For a more in-depth description of some of the careers mentioned above visit Career Cruising (login information can be found on the home page of the Career Centre's online system) or the National Occupational Classification website.

Skills Developed through a Geography Degree

A background in Geography ensures that you develop the skills and mindset to tackle many different professional challenges.

Core Skills

  • An understanding that as global economic, political and environmental processes change, so do the places we live along with our relationship to both immediate and distant environments
  • Comprehension of the causes and consequences of some of the most pressing concerns facing humankind today, such as climate change, resource depletion, human migration, globalization, geopolitics, poverty, inequality and vulnerability

Communication, Data Gathering and Organizational Skills

  • The ability to present your thoughts clearly and intelligently in written statements and written opinion pieces
  • The ability to organize, understand and analyze sources of information and to apply novel forms of technology or new information to different professional settings and tasks
  • The ability to learn new information and apply this to professional demands
  • The capacity to critically analyze problems, think creatively and make sound decisions while considering different sides of an argument

Management and Teamwork

  • The ability to interpret and analyze information presented by peers and efficiently and constructively support or challenge their proposals, theories, ideas and reports in order to achieve a project’s intended and successful end result
  • The capacity to lead and interact with a variety of people with different approaches and personal and professional backgrounds
  • Skills enabling you to work effectively in group situations, partaking in decision-making, leading and contributing in various capacities to the ultimate success of the team and task
  • The ability to debate, persuade, mediate and present your thoughts and opinions to others, as well as the capacity to recognize and incorporate other potential solutions or applications to given problems

Professional Associations and Organizations

Knowing the industry and how to excel in it after receiving a degree are key elements of future success. University study sets up the building blocks you will need to develop and enhance your understanding and knowledge in your career. Being part of a professional organization or network and gaining further insight through training are excellent ways of increasing your knowledge of the field.